The journal Nature has reported a study from China and Australia which claims that gaming might improve the way our brain works. Researchers utilized functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) to compare the brains of 27 professional-level League of Legends and Defence of the Ancients 2 players against 30 non-players.
Researchers found that professional gamers have more connections between the brain cells in a part of their brain called the insula. The insula is used to coordinate hand-eye coordination and attention, among other aspects of our lives.
The study does not state that gamers are actually smarter, but rather that extended gaming times may improve certain parts of the brain which help them react better to certain digital landscapes.
It should be noted that researchers have no way of telling how a gamers brain looked before they started gaming. A gamers brain may be molded by gaming or they may be good at gaming because of the structure their brain has always held.
A long-term study could help determine if certain parts of the brain improve when gaming is utilized by noobs on a regular basis.
Researchers are aware that the human brain changes and adapts to meet the needs of the body. Spend hours on brain teasers and you are likely to get better at brain teasers. Spend hours watching The Real Housewives of Orange County and you are more likely to be brain dead.
Here is a great YouTube video that explains the science of neuroplasticity.