Elizabeth Blackburn, Carol Greider and Jack Szostak of the US have won the 2009 Nobel Prize for Medicine in Stockholm, The Washington Post reported Monday.
The prize wil be shared Elizabeth H. Blackburn, University of California San Francisco, CA, USA; Carol W. Greider, Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine Baltimore, MD, USA and Jack W. Szostak, Howard Hughes Medical Institute, Harvard Medical School, Massachusetts General Hospital Boston, MA, USA, all of whom discovered a key mechanism in the genetic operations of cells, an insight that has inspired new lines of research into cancer.
The three scientists solved a fundamental problem in biology on “how chromosomes can be copied in a complete way and how they are protected against degradation,” the Nobel Assembly at the Karolinska Institute said this morning.
The discovery had “stimulated the development of new therapeutic strategies.”
The medicine prize is the first of the 2009 Nobel Awards to be announced.